SPORT MASSAGE; Best Ever Massage Techniques for Sportsperson

SPORT MASSAGE

The massage is perhaps, within the physio-therapeutic techniques, the most appreciated by the athlete.

There really is no special sports massage, as there is no such thing as a geriatric massage. The difference lies in the moment of the sport activity in which it is applied and in the therapeutic objectives that we pursue.

The general objectives of the Sports Massage are to prepare the tissues for the sport effort, keeping them in an optimal state, prevention of injuries in training as well as in competition and recovery of the injuries that present themselves and the physical form of the athlete.

The massage is perhaps, within the physio-therapeutic techniques, the most appreciated by the athlete.

There really is no special Sports Massage, as there is no such thing as a geriatric massage. The difference lies in the moment of the sport activity in which it is applied and in the therapeutic objectives that we pursue.

The general objectives will be:

Prepare the fabrics for the sports effort, keeping them in an optimal state.

Prevention of injuries in both training and competition.

Recovery of the injuries that appear and the physical form of the athlete.

Likewise, microstructures can be produced microscopically within the muscle fiber tissue, which give rise to tissue inflammation, regeneration and remodeling processes and which will last longer or shorter depending on their severity.

Massage in sports can be classified into:

Preparatory massage / precompetition: Applied preferably (although varies according to the authors) between 6 and 24 hours before the competition, training or activity, to optimize the elastic and contractile capacities of the tissues. It is an invigorating massage.

Increased blood circulation and thus enrichment

Increase in the internal temperature of the muscle and the viscoelastic properties of the weave. Muscular and connective, which forms fascias, aponeurosis, tendons … guaranteeing an adequate contractile response and tension.

Elimination of localized adhesions and myalgias

Recovery massage: Usually applied between 30 minutes and 6 hours after the activity ends. Previously the athlete must perform an active cooling that includes slowing of the rate, stretching, hydration and respiratory and cardiac normalization.

Goals:

Drainage of metabolic wastes

Reduction of muscle hypertonicity and possible spasms

Increased blood supply

In this phase, manual lymphatic drainage is very indicated and it is necessary to avoid very intense massage techniques that can exacerbate an inflammatory pain, increasing the recovery time. You can apply friction techniques, rhythmic compressions, segmental vibrations …

It also supposes a kind of psychological “reward” to the athlete for the effort realized.

Maintenance Massage: Must be periodic. It is used as a diagnostic and treatment medium, forming a part of the athlete’s preparation program.

Goals:

  • Remove pictures of muscle fatigue
  • Maintain the natural elasticity of muscle tissue, tendon, facial, ligamentous …
  • Detection and elimination of myalgia areas
  • Application of the Sports Massage
  • Slower and broader maneuvers such as superficial and deep sliding, kneading, friction … and also any other technique of Manual Therapy that will help to achieve the previous objectives in function of the findings obtained during the palpation and the rest of The assessment, such as: trigger point treatment, myofascial induction, connective tissue massage, etc …

Both the objectives and obviously the massage will vary depending on the sport that is practiced, depending on flexibility, strength, background or speed, as the physiological and biochemical processes that occur in the body will be different It will be necessary to modulate the pace, speed and depth Of the massage depending on what we want to achieve.

References:

AmtaMassage

spas.about.com

Massagetut.com

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